Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Applied Kinesiology: All of the Published Evidence of Effectiveness

Applied Kinesiology Research Page

(One-Stop Shopping for all the published, peer-reviewed research supporting AK methods)

There are now over
70 research articles on AK methods
Indexed on PubMed,
the highest rated evidence-base in the world!!
On this page there are also over 100 peer-reviewed basic research and outcomes papers on AK

In the developing model of Evidence-Based Medicine,
the clinical studies that should be considered as providing evidence for the efficacy of a therapeutic system are:
o   Single Case Study
o   Case-Control Study
o   Case Referent Study
o   Case-Comparison Study
o   Case Series
o   Case Series-Control
o   Cohort-Control
o   Cohort
o   Inception Cohort
o   Cohort Analytical
o   Survey
o   Cost Benefit Analysis
o   Cost Effectiveness Analysis
o   Crossover Trial
o   Before-After Trial
o   Nonrandomized Control Trial
o   Randomized Control Trial
o   Systematic Literature Reviews
o   Meta-analyses
Each of these forms of evidence have now been abundantly provided by 58 years of published, peer-reviewed AK research


Long Haul COVID-19 and Subluxation: A case report.

Dorsal Scapular Nerve Entrapments in Motor Vehicle Accidents: An Applied Kinesiology Chiropractic Case Report

A history of professional Applied
Kinesiology around the world (Part I)

A history of professional Applied Kinesiology around the world (Part 2)

Mind, trauma & muscle inhibition Part I: Experiment and case history yield novel theory of muscular PTSD

Applied Kinesiology Assessment and Management of Female Hormone Imbalances: A Chiropractic-Endocrinology Case Report

Applied Kinesiology and Multiple Sclerosis: A study of three cases

Manual Muscle Testing for Cervical Radiculopathy (Part 1)

Available NOW!
Whiplash Dynamics and Manual Muscle Testing



The association of manual muscle tests and treatment outcomes with headache and cranial dysfunctions: A retrospective case-series report

ANNOUNCING the strongest evidence for the reliability and validity of therapy localization...!!

Applied Kinesiology Essentials, 2016

Natural Treatment for Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Using Applied Kinesiology

Estimating the prevalence of kinesiology-style manual muscle testing: A survey of educators

Applied Kinesiology: Its Past, Present and Future

The manual muscle test in Headaches and Cranial Dysfunctions


Correlation of Manual Muscle Tests and Salivary Hormone Tests in Adrenal Stress Disorder: a Retrospective Case Series Report

Influence of foot orthotics upon duration of effects of spinal manipulation in chronic back pain patients: a randomized control trial.


Bridges between whole-body dysfunctions and the feet: The Close Examination with Applied Kinesiology


Does chiropractic have an answer for recurrent ankle sprains?

Menopause, Chiropractic Examination and Treatment, and Salivary Hormone Levels: Correlations and Outcomes, 2013.

Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve entrapments and Applied Kinesiology


Improvement of chronic sinusitis, constipation and pharyngitis in a child following chiropractic care: A case report

Applied Kinesiology: Distinctions in its Definition and Interpretation, 2012.

Two New Evidence-Based Textbooks on AK are available




Chiropractic management of chronic idiopathic meralgia paresthetica: a case study


David S. Walther, D.C., D.I.B.A.K.: Scholar, Researcher, Politician and Teacher
Conservative Chiropractic Management of Urinary Incontinence Using Applied Kinesiology: A Retrospective Case-Series Report, 2012.

Physical causes of anxiety and sleep disorders: a case report, 2012.

Association of manual muscle tests and mechanical neck pain: Results from a prospective pilot study, 2011.

Chiropractic management of a 30-year-old patient with Parsonage-Turner syndrome.

Conservative management of post-surgical urinary incontinence in an adolescent: A case history, 2011. 

A narrative review of manual muscle testing and implications for muscle testing research.

Inter-Examiner Reliability of Manual Muscle Testing of Lower Limb Muscles without the Ideomotor Effect.

Applied kinesiology methods for sciatica and restless leg syndrome, 2010.

Iowa Chiropractic Society Review


Applied Kinesiology management of long-term head pain following automotive injuries: a case report, 2010.

Applied Kinesiology methods for a child with headaches, neck pain, asthma, and reading disabilities: a case study, 2010.

Intraexaminer comparison of applied kinesiology manual muscle testing of varying durations: a pilot study. 2010.

Effect of a single chiropractic adjustment on divergent thinking and creative output: A pilot study, Part 1, 2010.

Applied Kinesiology management of candidiasis and chronic ear infections: A case history, 2010. 

Muscle Imbalance: The Goodheart and Janda Models, 2010.

What Are You Doing About Muscle Weakness? Pt. 4: The Extremities, 2009.

Developmental delay syndromes: psychometric testing before and after chiropractic treatment of 157 children, 2009.

What Are You Doing About Muscle Weakness? Pt. 3: Lumbar Spine, 2009.

What Are You Doing About Muscle Weakness? Pt. 2: Cervical Spine, 2009.

What Are You Doing About Muscle Weakness?, 2009.

Developmental Delay Syndromes and Chiropractic: A Case Report, 2009.

Manual biofeedback: A novel approach to the assessment and treatment of neuromuscular dysfunction, 2009.

Evaluation of Applied Kinesiology meridian techniques by means of surface electromyography (sEMG): demonstration of the regulatory influence of antique acupuncture points, 2009.

A pilot study to determine the effects of a supine sacroiliac orthopedic blocking procedure on cervical spine extensor isometric strength.

Common Errors and Clinical Guidelines for Manual Muscle Testing: “The Arm Test” and Other Inaccurate Procedures, 2008.

A Moment of Remembrance for Dr. David S. Walther, 2008.

A review of the literature in applied and specialised kinesiology, 2008.

A Tribute to George J. Goodheart, Jr. D.C.: The Growth of the Chiropractic Research Culture, 2008.

A Multi-Modal Chiropractic Treatment Approach for Asthma: a 10-Patient Retrospective Case Series, 2008.

Manual therapy in cervical dystonia: case report, 2008.

Developmental Delay Syndromes and Chiropractic:  A Case Report, 2007.

Can ankle imbalance be a risk factor for tensor fascia lata muscle weakness?, 2008.

Applied Kinesiology: An Effective Complementary Treatment for Children with Down Syndrome, 2007.

Foci and areas of disturbance in the trigeminal region. Implications for orthopedics, implantology, and Gnathology, 2007.

The Effects of Chiropractic Care on Individuals Suffering from Learning Disabilities and Dyslexia: A Review of the Literature, 2007.

A musculoskeletal model of low grade connective tissue inflammation in patients with thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO): the WOMED concept of lateral tension and its general implications in disease, 2007. 

Neurological influences of the temporomandibular joint.

On the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing: a literature review, 2007.

Cranial Therapeutic Care: Is There any Evidence?, 2006

Proposed mechanisms and treatment strategies for motion sickness disorder: A case series.

The Ileocecal Valve Point and Muscle Testing: A Possible Mechanism of Action.

Can the Ileocecal Valve Point Predict Low Back Pain Using Manual Muscle Testing?

Applied Kinesiology in Chiropractic.

Chiropractic Testing for Equilibrium and Balance Disorders.

Symptomatic Arnold-Chiari malformation and cranial nerve dysfunction: a case study of applied kinesiology cranial evaluation and treatment

Chiropractic care for a patient with spasmodic dysphonia associated with cervical spine trauma.

Evaluation of Chapman’s neurolymphatic reflexes via applied kinesiology: a case report of low back pain and congenital intestinal abnormality.

Orthomolecular Analgesic Therapy

The importance of proprioceptive testing to chiropractic.

Founder of Applied Kinesiology
 Understanding how to unwind the complex web of chronic fatigue immune dysfunction syndrome.

Applied Kinesiology and the Motor Neuron.

New diagnostic and therapeutic approach to thyroid-associated orbitopathy based on applied kinesiology and homeopathic therapy.

Fix foot problems without orthotics.

Applied Kinesiology: How To Add Cranial Therapy To Your Daily Practice.

AK Manual Muscle Testing: As Reliable As The Deep Tendon Reflex?,

Migraines – the Applied Kinesiology and Chiropractic perspective.

AK classic case management: enuresis.

Applied Kinesiology and Down syndrome: a study of 15 cases.

Pediatric case history: cost effective treatment of block naso-lacrimal canal utilizing applied kinesiology tenets.

A 39-year-old female cyclist suffering from total exhaustion caused by over-training and false nutrition.

The piriformis muscle and the genitor-urinary system: The anatomy of the muscle-organ-gland correlation.

Acupuncture in applied kinesiology: a review.

Applied Kinesiology and the Myofascia.

Applied kinesiology for treatment of women with mastalgia.

Plantar fasciitis.

A new breed of healers, Time Magazine Cover with George J. Goodheart, Jr.

The Clinical Utility of Force/Displacement Analysis of Muscle Testing in Applied Kinesiology.

The role of the scalenus anticus muscle in dysinsulinism and chronic non-traumatic neck pain.

An applied kinesiology evaluation of facial neuralgia: a case history of Bell’s Palsy.

Chiropractic and Nutritional Management and its effect on the fertility of a diabetic amenorrheal patient: A Case Report

A Force/Displacement Analysis of Muscle Testing.

Applied Kinesiology and the Immune System.

Manual Muscle Testing and Postural Imbalance.

Applied Kinesiology as Functional Neurology.

Muscular strength and chiropractic: theoretical mechanisms and health implications.

Expanding the neurological examination using functional neurologic assessment part I: methodological considerations.

Expanding the Neurological Examination Using Functional Neurologic Assessment Part II: Neurologic Basis of Applied Kinesiology.

Muscle Test Comparisons of Congruent and Incongruent Self-Referential Statements.

Applied Kinesiology Helping Children with Learning Disabilities.

Applied Kinesiology and Homeopathy: A Muscle/Organ/Remedy Correlation.

Thoughts About Muscle Testing.

Evaluating and Treating Functional Hypothyroidism Utilizing Applied Kinesiology.

Point-Counterpoint: Is O-Ring testing a reliable method?

The Systems, Holograms and Theory of Micro-Acupuncture.

Correlation of Applied Kinesiology Muscle Testing Findings with Serum Immunoglobulin Levels for Food Allergies.

The effects of a pelvic blocking procedure upon muscle strength: a pilot study.

Jugular Compression in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cranio-sacral Lesions.

George Goodheart, Jr., D.C., and a history of applied kinesiology.

Interexaminer Agreement for Applied Kinesiology Manual Muscle Testing.

A preliminary inquiry into manual muscle testing response in phobic and control subjects exposed to threatening stimuli.

Ear infection: a retrospective study examining improvement from chiropractic care and analyzing for influencing factors.

Electromyographic Effects of Fatigue and Task Repetition on the Validity of Estimates of Strong and Weak Muscles in Applied Kinesiology Muscle Testing Procedures.

The demystification of Chinese pulse diagnosis: An overview of the validations, holograms, and systematics for learning the principles and techniques.

Educational Kinesiology with learning disabled children: an efficacy study.

A pilot study on the value of applied kinesiology in helping children with learning difficulties.

Organic Problems and Chiropractic.

Somatic dyspnea and the orthopedics of respiration.

Objective Measurement of Proprioceptive Technique Consequences on Muscular Maximal Voluntary Contraction During Manual Muscle Testing.

Failure of the musculo-skeletal system may produce major weight shifts in forward and backward bending.

Proc Inter Conf Spinal Manip. Washington, DC;May 1990:399-402.

Reliability of Manual Muscle Testing with a Computerized Dynamometer.

Somatosensory Evoked Potential Changes During Muscle Testing.

Cybernetic Model of Psychophysiologic Pathways: II. Consciousness of Effort and Kinesthesia.

Cybernetic Model of Psychophysiologic Pathways: III. Clinical impairment of Consciousness of Effort and Kinesthesia.

Chiropractic Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Intrarater reliability of manual muscle testing and hand-held dynametric muscle testing.

On the balancing of candida albicans and progenitor cryptocides: a triumph of the science of applied kinesiology.

Physical balancing: Acupuncture and Applied Kinesiology.

Diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction: applied kinesiology compared to clinical observations and laboratory tests.

Effects of Manipulation on Gait Muscle Activity: Preliminary Electromyographic Research.

ACA J Chiropr Oct 1983;17(10):49-52.

New simple early diagnostic methods using Omura's "Bi-Digital O-Ring Dysfunction Localization Method" and acupuncture organ representation points, and their applications to the "drug & food compatibility test" for individual organs and to auricular diagnosis of internal organs--part I.

Neuromuscular relaxation and CCMDP. Rolfing and applied kinesiology.

Applied kinesiology and dentistry.

Applied Kinesiology: Muscle Response In Diagnosis, Therapy And Preventive Medicine.

Quantification of the Inhibition of Muscular Strength Following the Application of a Chiropractic Maneuver.

Applied kinesiology and colon health.

Uses of applied kinesiology for dentists.

Applied dental kinesiology: temporomandibular joint dysfunction.

Applied kinesiology--double-blind pilot study.

An Experimental Evaluation of Kinesiology in Allergy and Deficiency Disease Diagnosis.

Evaluation of Muscle-Organ Association, Part I and II.

Applied Kinesiology: An opinion.

Applied kinesiology: its use in veterinary diagnosis.

Kinesiology and Dentistry.

Applied kinesiology – what does the term mean? (Letter to the Editor)

J Am Dietetic Assoc, 89(4);Apr 1989:476.

Combating a vitamin B deficiency

Today’s Chiro, 17(2);Mar/Apr 1988: 19-22.

Structural imbalance and nutritional absorption.

Today’s Chiro, 16(1);Mar/Apr 1987:19-24.

Managing lactic acid excess.

Am Chiro, Sep 1989: 48-52.

Structural imbalance and nutritional absorption.

Am Chiro, Oct 1989:40-44.

Celebrating Applied Kinesiology’s gold and silver.      

The Clorox Test: A Screening Test for Free Radical Pathology, Part I.

Further Explanation of Surrogate Testing and Therapy Localization.

Fundamentals of Essential Fatty Acid Metabolism, Parts I and II.           

Kinesiology Korner: 21st Century Chiropractic.           

Am Chiro, Dec 1985:55.

Applied Kinesiology celebrates 20th anniversary.       

A study of the results of Applied Kinesiology in a group of 123 Patients.           

Applied kinesiology: the advanced approach to athletic health care.

Canadian Runner, May 1983:18-19.
Dyslexia and learning disabilities cured. 

Applied kinesiology – the tangible measure of health imbalance and correction.

Nature & Health, Winter 1982:79-81.

Iron, Vitamin B-12, and Folic Acid: A Correlation of Laboratory Findings (Complete Blood Count with Differential) and AK Findings.          

German electro-acupuncture, Applied Kinesiology and gastric digestion.

The education dimensions of Applied Kinesiology.    

A multi-disciplinary view of Herpes Simplex II.           

The Journal of Energy Medicine, 1980, 1:12.

Applied kinesiology diagnosis and treatment of emotional stress overload.    

The Journal of Energy Medicine, 1980, 1:40-45.

The good hands man.   

Sports Illustrated, 51(3);July 16 1979:34

Applied Kinesiology, related organs, meridians and ear-ricular therapy.

Dig Chiro Econ, 1979;21(4):51-3.

Vertebral fixations which mask other faults.    

Dig Chiro Econ, 1978;21(1):62-65.

Applied Kinesiology used in detecting potentially harmful ingredients in nutritional supplements.        

Dig Chiro Econ, 1978;20(4):14-15.

Kinesiological differentiation of low back syndrome including the pseudo disc and true disc and the ramrod spine.         

Dig Chiro Econ, 1978;20(4):60-65.

Cranial Technique: A Clarification of Certain Principles.    

Dig Chiro Econ, Nov/Dec 1977;20(3):26-29,74.

Correlative orthopedic kinesiology.           

Dig Chiro Econ,1977;20(1):32-4.

One common cause of foot subluxations.           

Dig Chiro Econ, 1977;19(6):28.

Experimental Characterization of The Reactive Muscle Phenomenon.

Dig Chiro Econ, Sept/Oct 1976:44-50.

Biofeedback and kinesiology.           

Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Disease. 1976; 6: 19-23.

The vertebral challenge.         

Dig Chiro Econ, 1976;18(6):24-28.

Applied Kinesiology and athletics. 

Dig Chiro Econ, 1976;19(2):30-32.

Glaucoma and the kinesiological approach.      

Dig Chiro Econ, 1976;19(3):48-9.


This information is also available from a number of other platforms:

Two new AK Textbooks are now available!

1) Applied Kinesiology Essentials: The Missing Link in Healthcare significantly updates the scientific rationales and evidence-base for AK demonstrating -- in light of evidence based medicine -- the importance of the manual muscle test in physical, emotional, and nutritional diagnosis.

2) Applied Kinesiology: Clinical Techniques for Lower Body Dysfunctions presents a comprehensive “one-stop” textbook on the AK approach to lower body pain and dysfunction. This text provides a detailed, illustrated, and evidence-based discussion of the relationship between muscle weakness and lower body pain and dysfunction. It describes the normal anatomy and physiology as well as the most common disorders of the lower body. We believe it will be the most extensive work ever published on the manipulative approach to foot and ankle and peripheral nerve entrapment syndromes of the lower body.